30 Day Narrative

657 
FXUS07 KWBC 161332
PMD30D
PROGNOSTIC DISCUSSION FOR MONTHLY OUTLOOK
NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
830 AM EST THU NOV 16 2017
30-DAY OUTLOOK DISCUSSION FOR DECEMBER 2017
THE DECEMBER 2017 TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OUTLOOKS ARE BASED ON DYNAMICAL 
MODEL GUIDANCE, THE TYPICAL INFLUENCE ASSOCIATED WITH LA NINA, AND LONG-TERM 
TRENDS. DURING THE PAST MONTH, LA NINA CONDITIONS DEVELOPED AS NEGATIVE SEA 
SURFACE TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES CONTINUED ACROSS THE EASTERN AND CENTRAL 
EQUATORIAL PACIFIC ALONG WITH SUPPRESSED (ENHANCED) CONVECTION ACROSS THE 
CENTRAL TROPICAL PACIFIC (MARITIME CONTINENT AND PHILIPPINES). CLIMATE SIGNALS 
TYPICALLY ASSOCIATED WITH LA NINA WERE CONSIDERED IN MAKING THE DECEMBER 2017 
OUTLOOK, GIVEN THESE CURRENT ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC STATES. 
A ROBUST MJO OCCURRED DURING OCTOBER, BUT IT WEAKENED SINCE THE BEGINNING OF 
NOVEMBER.  THE DYNAMICAL MODELS INDICATE A CONTINUED WEAK OR INCOHERENT SIGNAL 
DURING THE NEXT TWO WEEKS. THEREFORE, THE MJO IS NOT EXPECTED TO PROVIDE ANY 
FORCING TO THE EXTRATROPICS. ALTHOUGH THE MJO DID NOT FACTOR INTO THE DECEMBER 
OUTLOOK, ITS EVOLUTION WILL BE CLOSELY MONITORED FOR THE REVISED OUTLOOK AT THE 
END OF THE MONTH.
THE ARCTIC OSCILLATION (AO) INDEX IS FORECAST TO BECOME LARGELY NEGATIVE DURING 
MID-NOVEMBER AS A BLOCKING RIDGE PERSISTS OVER THE BERING SEA WITH ANOTHER 
UPPER-LEVEL RIDGE BUILDING OVER THE DAVIS STRAIT. THE DURATION OF THIS NEGATIVE 
AO INDEX IS UNCERTAIN AND COULD BE TRANSIENT WITH MANY GFS ENSEMBLE MEMBERS 
INDICATING THAT THE AO INDEX BECOMES MORE NEUTRAL BY THE END OF NOVEMBER. MOST 
INPUTS TO THE NMME AGREE ON ENHANCED ODDS FOR ABOVE-NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS 
THE EASTERN CONUS. SINCE THE ECMWF MODEL AT WEEKS 3-4 (WHICH INCLUDES DEC 
1-12)INDICATES INCREASED CHANCES FOR BELOW-NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS MUCH OF 
THE EASTERN CONUS AND GREAT LAKES, EQUAL CHANCES OF BELOW, NEAR, OR ABOVE 
NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE NECESSARY FOR THESE AREAS AT THIS TIME LEAD. THE 
SPATIAL PATTERN OF THE TEMPERATURE FORECAST ACROSS THE WESTERN AND 
SOUTH-CENTRAL CONUS IS SIMILAR TO THE SEASONAL OUTLOOK SINCE LA NINA WAS A 
MAJOR FACTOR IN CREATING THE DECEMBER OUTLOOK, BUT THE COVERAGE OF AREAS WHERE 
BELOW- AND ABOVE-NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE FAVORED IS SMALLER DUE TO UNCERTAINTY. 
DYNAMICAL MODELS, INCLUDING WEEKS 3-4, AND LONG-TERM TRENDS SUPPORT THE 
RELATIVELY HIGH ODDS FOR ABOVE-NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS THE SOUTHWESTERN 
CONUS. 
THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK FOR DECEMBER IS BASED PRIMARILY ON THE CALIBRATED 
NMME AND IS CONSISTENT WITH LA NINA CONDITIONS AND THE DJF OUTLOOK. THE HIGHEST 
PROBABILITIES FOR BELOW-NORMAL PRECIPITATION ARE FORECAST ACROSS PARTS OF THE 
GULF COAST AND SOUTHEAST WHERE A DRY SIGNAL IS STRONG IN LA NINA COMPOSITES FOR 
NDJ AND PROBABILITIES ARE RELATIVELY HIGH IN THE CALIBRATED NMME. THE BROAD 
AREA OF ENHANCED ODDS FOR ABOVE-NORMAL PRECIPITATION FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST 
EAST TO THE GREAT LAKES IS EITHER SUPPORTED BY LA NINA COMPOSITES OR THE 
CALIBRATED NMME.  PROBABILITIES FOR BELOW- AND ABOVE-NORMAL PRECIPITATION ARE 
MODEST DUE TO LIMITED SKILL INHERENT IN A MONTHLY OUTLOOK AT THIS TIME LEAD. 
THE HIGHEST ODDS FOR ABOVE-NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS ALASKA ARE FORECAST FOR 
AREAS OF THE STATE ADJACENT TO THE BERING AND CHUKCHI SEAS WHERE SEA SURFACE 
TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES ARE AVERAGING AS MUCH AS 1.5 DEGREES C ABOVE NORMAL. 
ENHANCED ODDS FOR BELOW-NORMAL TEMPERATURES FORECAST ACROSS PARTS OF SOUTHEAST 
MAINLAND ALASKA AND THE ALASKA PANHANDLE ARE BASED ON THE MONTHLY CFS 
TEMPERATURE FORECAST. THE FAVORED AREAS OF BELOW- AND ABOVE-NORMAL 
PRECIPITATION ACROSS ALASKA ARE CONSISTENT WITH THE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK AND 
SUPPORTED BY THE WEEKS 3-4 CFS AND ECMWF PRECIPITATION FORECASTS ALONG WITH THE 
MONTHLY CFS PRECIPITATION FORECAST.
FORECASTER: BRAD PUGH
THE CLIMATIC NORMALS ARE BASED ON CONDITIONS BETWEEN 1981 AND 2010, FOLLOWING
THE WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION CONVENTION OF USING THE MOST RECENT 3 
COMPLETE DECADES AS THE CLIMATE REFERENCE PERIOD.  THE PROBABILITY ANOMALIES
FOR TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION BASED ON THESE NEW NORMALS BETTER REPRESENT
SHORTER TERM CLIMATIC ANOMALIES THAN THE FORECASTS BASED ON OLDER NORMALS.
AN UPDATED MONTHLY OUTLOOK... FOR DEC WILL BE ISSUED ON THU NOVEMBER 30 2017
THESE OUTLOOKS ARE BASED ON DEPARTURES FROM THE 1981-2010 BASE PERIOD.
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